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I am Driven to end hunger in our communities

Adam Pine has been researching the "food deserts" in the Duluth communities of Lincoln Park and Morgan Park. Food deserts are typically low-income neighborhoods that have relatively poor access to healthy and affordable food.

His research illuminates the various ways that people in food deserts obtain their food, and he works to make their food supply healthier and more secure.

Pine also works to empower marginalized populations to become providers—through programs like urban gardening and community organizing—rather than passive recipients of food aid.

Connecting neighborhood residents to healthy food

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Adam Pine
“My work looks at various ways in which low-income people and marginalized people in the U.S. access food, and I try to find ways for people to get food that aren't marginalizing and that [are actually] empowering them.” Adam Pine, Principal Investigator

Food deserts in Minnesota

map of Minnesota food deserts shown by county

This map of Minnesota shows low-income census tracts where a significant number or share of residents is more than 1 mile (urban) or 10 miles (rural) from the nearest supermarket.

Connecting neighborhood residents to healthy food

In his research, Pine has found that residents in the Duluth neighborhood of Lincoln Park (a food desert) use a variety of means to reach the nearest grocery store, with more than 17 percent not driving themselves. Duluth organizations have since collaborated to establish a bus route—the DTA Grocery Express—that links residents in Lincoln Park and Morgan Park to a local grocery store.

  • Walk
  • .05%
  • Bike
  • .03%
  • Bus
  • 3.2%
  • Drive
  • 82.1%
  • Ride
  • 10.7%
  • Taxi
  • 2.7%
animation showing a bus moving between Morgan Park & Lincoln Park, with a grocery store in between
  • Walk
  • .05%
  • Bike
  • .03%
  • Bus
  • 3.2%
  • Drive
  • 82.1%
  • Ride
  • 10.7%
  • Taxi
  • 2.7%

“Low-income people have a whole lot of problems, so you need to have a whole lot of solutions,” says Pine. Other initiatives in Duluth that have emerged from the community organizing efforts include a new farmers market, greenhouse, community garden, and cooking classes, all aimed at helping—and enabling—all citizens.

Respect and empowerment

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“What can we do, not just to get more food to the food shelf, but to make people empowered to get food through their own means?”

Adam Pine, Principal Investigator